April 6, 2013 § Leave a comment
The list of works cited at the end of a piece of writing is usually more dreaded than the writing itself. So dreadful a task are citations that we’ve invented tools, like RefWorks, to do it for us.
There are a wide range of styles for citation. MLA is The Modern Language Association of America’s style guide and is common in the arts and humanities. It’s one that my students in Communication studies frequently use, and so I get a number of questions about how to cite various documents accord to MLA.
Many of my students are not aware that there is such a thing as an MLA handbook and rely on the university library’s website for instructions on citation methods. Unbeknownst to them, MLA is more than a style of citation. It provides guidelines on everything from page formatting to research and thesis statement development.
So, here are some of the highlights from the 7th edition of the MLA Handbook:
Formatting your Document
Margins & Indentation
Except for page numbers, margins should be 1 inch on the right, left, top, and bottom of the page. Paragraphs should be indented 1/2″ from the left margin.
Should be consecutive and 1/2″ from the top right hand corner of every page. Place your last name before the page number (this is in case a page is misplaced).
Use a readable font. Times New Roman is boring but will do. Double space all text including the header and in between paragraphs.
Heading & Title
Notice that MLA doesn’t use a title page. The header should appear in the following order: your name, student number, instructor’s and/or TA’s name, course code, and date. Your paper should have an original title. Do not italicize or underline the title.
Book by a single author:
Last name, First name. Title of the book. Place of publication: publisher, year. Print
Ex. Silverman, Kaja. The Subject of Semiotics. New York: Oxford University press, 1983. Print
Journal article in an online database:
Last name, First name. “Title of the article.” Journal Title volume. issue (year): page range. Name of Journal Database. Web. Date of access.
Ex. Arvidsson, Adam. Journal of Consumer Culture 5.235 (2005): 235-258. Sage. Web. 6 April 2013.
These are just the two most common types of documents that undergraduate students use in their research and writing. MLA (along with all other methods of citation) has instructions for citing newspaper articles, websites, films, translations, poetry, works in a compilation and the list goes on.
If you encounter something not covered in the MLA handbook or are in doubt about a citation, ask your librarian or instructor.